Author Topic: Jeffreys code hacked 4 output to a serial LCD with rpm and bar graph  (Read 388 times)

CupOfTea

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// 30/6/18 Jeffreys code hacked 4 output to a serial LCD with rpm and bar graph
/*
 Author: Jeffrey Nelson <nelsonjm@macpod.net>
 Description: Very quickly written crappy code to read tachometer port data of the SX2 mini mill and likely the SC2 mini lathe.
   for more information check http://macpod.net
  This code was written on an 5v 16Mhz Arduino. I'm planning on writing
 
 Tachometer Port Interface:
  2 GND
  2 5V+
  1 LCDCS - Frame indicator,  pulled low during the transmission of a frame.
  1 LCDCL - Clock line, pulled low when data should be read (we read on the falling edges)
  1 LCDDI - Data line.
 
 Data information:
  Reports if the spindel is stopped or running
  Reports speed of the spindel in 10rpm increments
 
 Data format:
  Every .75 seconds a packet is sent over the port.
  Each packet consists of:
        (ONLY If the mill uses the new mill protocol): a 36 bit header
        Following this potential header are 4 frames. Each Frame consists of 17 bytes.
        The first 8 bits represent an address, and the other bits represent data.
 
  Frame 0: Represents 7-segment data used for 1000's place of rpm readout.
    Address: 0xA0
    Data: First bit is always 0
      Next 7 bits indicate which of the 7-segments to light up.
      Last bit is always 0
  Frame 1: Represents 7-segment data used for 100's place of rpm readout.
    Address: 0xA1
    Data: First bit is always 0
      Next 7 bits indicate which of the 7-segments to light up.
      Last bit is always 0
  Frame 2: Represents 7-segment data used for 10's place of rpm readout.
    Address: 0xA2
    Data: First bit is always 0
      Next 7 bits indicate which of the 7-segments to light up.
      Last bit is 1 if the spindel is not rotating, 0 otherwise.
  Frame 3: Represents 7-segment data used for 1's place of rpm readout. This isn't used.
    Address: 0xA3
    Data: This is always 0x20
 
 
 
 
 7-segment display layout:
  d 
 c g
  f 
 b e
  a
 
 abcdefg
 00 = 1111101
 01 = 0000101
 02 = 1101011
 03 = 1001111
 04 = 0010111
 05 = 1011110
 06 = 1111110
 07 = 0001101
 08 = 1111111
 09 = 1011111
 
 */

#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>

#define LCDCS 2

#define LCDCL 3
#define LCDCL_INTERRUPT 1

#define LCDDI 4

#define PACKET_BITS 68
// For newer mills there is a 36 bit header.
#define PACKET_BITS_HEADER 36

// Uncomment for newer mill protocol
#define PACKET_BITS_COUNT PACKET_BITS+PACKET_BITS_HEADER
// Uncomment for old mill protocol
//#define PACKET_BITS_COUNT PACKET_BITS

#define MAXCOUNT 503500

volatile uint8_t packet_bits[PACKET_BITS_COUNT];
volatile uint8_t packet_bits_pos;

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(LCDCS, INPUT);
  pinMode(LCDCL, INPUT);
  pinMode(LCDDI, INPUT);

// Serial.write(0xFE);  Serial.write(0x0C);            // display on and hide cursor
//  Serial.write(0xFE);  Serial.write(0x01);            // clear screen
//  Serial.println("   Lathe RPM     Boo is stupid  ");
//  Serial.write(0x7C);  Serial.write(0x0A);            // set 0a set splash 09 toggleon/off
//  Serial.write(0x7C);  Serial.write(0x9D);            // backlight full
//  Serial.write(0x7C);  Serial.write(0x04);            // 16
//  Serial.write(0x7C);  Serial.write(0x06);            // 2

  writecharLCD();                  // at bot sets up custom chars

  EIMSK |= (1<<INT1);  //Enable INT1

    //Trigger on falling edge of INT1//
  EICRA |= (1<<ISC11);
  EICRA &= ~(1<<ISC10);

  TIMSK0 &= ~(1<<TOIE0); // Disable timer0
}

void loop() {
  int i;
  int rpm;
  unsigned long count;
  packet_bits_pos = 0;

  while (digitalRead(LCDCS) == LOW); // Wait to end of packet if we are in one.
  block_delay(227272); // ~200ms delay


  // Now we are ready to read a packet..
  EIMSK |= (1 << INT1);

  for (count = 0; packet_bits_pos < PACKET_BITS_COUNT && count < MAXCOUNT; count++) { // Loop until all bits are read or we timeout ~600ms
    asm("nop");
  }

  EIMSK &= ~(1 << INT1);

  if (packet_bits_pos == PACKET_BITS_COUNT && count < MAXCOUNT) {
    /*
     // Debug stuff...
     print_bits(0, 8); // Register 0
     Serial.print(": ");
     print_bits(8, 9);
     Serial.print("\t");
     
     print_bits(17, 8); // Register 1
     Serial.print(": ");
     print_bits(25, 9);
     Serial.print("\t");   
     
     print_bits(34, 8); // Register 2
     Serial.print(": ");   
     print_bits(42, 9);
     Serial.print("\t");   
     
     print_bits(51, 8); // Register 3
     Serial.print(": ");   
     print_bits(59, 9);
     Serial.print("\n");
     */

 
 
    rpm = get_rpm();
    if (rpm == -1) {
        Serial.println("");
        Serial.write(0xFE); Serial.write(0x01);    // clear display & setCursor 0,0
        Serial.print("Data just Silly");
      }
      else if (rpm == 0) {
         Serial.println("");
        Serial.write(0xFE); Serial.write(0x01);    // clear display & setCursor 0,0
//        Serial.print("Stopped");
        Serial.write(6);
        Serial.print(" Awaiting your     Pleasure ");
        Serial.write(7);
      }
      else {
        Serial.println("");
        Serial.write(0xFE); Serial.write(0x01);    // clear display & setCursor 0,0
        if ( rpm < 10 ) Serial.print(" ");
        if ( rpm < 100 ) Serial.print(" ");
        if ( rpm < 1000 ) Serial.print(" ");
        Serial.print(rpm, DEC);
        Serial.print(" rpm");
        LCDbar(rpm/25);                  // prercent of max
      }
    }
  else {
//    Serial.print(".");
//    Serial.write(0xFE); Serial.write(0x01);    // clear display & setCursor 0,0
//    Serial.print("Sorry no data.");
  }

  for (packet_bits_pos = 0; packet_bits_pos < PACKET_BITS_COUNT; packet_bits_pos++) {
    packet_bits[packet_bits_pos] = 0;
  }

}


//----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Assumes 68 bits were received properly. Returns the spindle speed or -1 if the values are absurd.
int get_rpm()
{
  int temp, ret = 0;
  if (build_address(0) != 0xA0) {
    return -1;
  }
  temp = get_digit_from_data(build_data(8));
  if (temp == -1) {
    return -1;
  }
  ret += temp*1000;

  if (build_address(17) != 0xA1) {
    return -1;
  }
  temp = get_digit_from_data(build_data(25));
  if (temp == -1) {
    return -1;
  }
  ret += temp*100; 
 
  if (build_address(34) != 0xA2) {
    return -1;
  }
  temp = get_digit_from_data(build_data(42));
  if (temp == -1) {
    return -1;
  }
  ret += temp*10;


  if (build_address(51) != 0xA3) {
    return -1;
  }
  temp = build_data(59);
  if (temp != 0x20) {
    return -1;
  }
 
  return ret;
}

// An address is 8 bits long
uint8_t build_address(uint8_t start_address)
{
  uint8_t ret = 0x1;
  uint8_t i;

  if (PACKET_BITS_COUNT != PACKET_BITS) {
    // Compensate for header
    start_address += PACKET_BITS_HEADER;
  }

  for (i = start_address; i < start_address + 8; i++) {
    ret = (ret << 1) ^ ((packet_bits[i] & B00010000) ? 1 : 0);
  }
  return ret;
}

// Data is 9 bits long
uint16_t build_data(uint8_t start_address)
{
  uint16_t ret = 0;
  uint8_t i;

  if (PACKET_BITS_COUNT != PACKET_BITS) {
    // Compensate for header
    start_address += PACKET_BITS_HEADER;
  }

  for (i = start_address; i < start_address + 9; i++) {
    ret = (ret << 1) ^ ((packet_bits[i] & B00010000) ? 1 : 0);
  }
  return ret;
}

int get_digit_from_data(uint16_t data)
{
  uint16_t segments = (data & 0xFE) >> 1;
  int ret = 0;
  switch(segments) {
  case 0x7D:
    ret = 0;
    break;
  case 0x05:
    ret = 1;
    break;
  case 0x6B:
    ret = 2;
    break;
  case 0x4F:
    ret = 3;
    break;
  case 0x17:
    ret = 4;
    break;
  case 0x5E:
    ret = 5;
    break;
  case 0x7E:
    ret = 6;
    break;
  case 0x0D:
    ret = 7;
    break;
  case 0x7F:
    ret = 8;
    break;
  case 0x5F:
    ret = 9;
    break;
  default:
    ret = -1;
    break;
  }
  return ret;
}

// Returns 1 if stopped, 0 otherwise.
uint8_t spindle_stopped(uint16_t data)
{
  return data & 0x1;
}


//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



void print_bits(int start, int len) {
  if (PACKET_BITS_COUNT != PACKET_BITS) {
    // Compensate for header
    start += PACKET_BITS_HEADER;
  }

  for (int i = start; i < start+len; i++) {
    if (packet_bits[i] & B00010000) {
      Serial.print('1');
    }
    else {
      Serial.print('0');
    }
  }
}



// 100000 ~= 88ms
void block_delay(unsigned long units)
{
  unsigned long i;

  for (i = 0; i < units; i++) {
    asm("nop"); // Stop optimizations
  }
}




SIGNAL(INT1_vect)
{
  packet_bits[packet_bits_pos] = PIND;
  packet_bits_pos++;
}


void writecharLCD() {
 uint8_t charArray[][8] = {                         //Self defined bar characters
   0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x1F,         // bottom line     
   0x00,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x1F,         // 1
   0x00,0x18,0x18,0x18,0x18,0x18,0x18,0x1F,         // 11
   0x00,0x1C,0x1C,0x1C,0x1C,0x1C,0x1C,0x1F,         // 111
   0x00,0x1E,0x1E,0x1E,0x1E,0x1E,0x1E,0x1F,         // 1111
   0x00,0x1F,0x1F,0x1F,0x1F,0x1F,0x1F,0x1F,         // 11111
   0x00,0x0A,0x00,0x11,0x1E,0x00,0x00,0x00,         // happy
   0x00,0x0A,0x15,0x11,0x1A,0x04,0x00,0x00          // heart
   };

 for (int j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
   Serial.write(254);
   Serial.write(64+j*8);

   for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
     Serial.write(charArray[j][i]);
   } //end inner char for
 }// end outter for 
 delay(100); 
}

void LCDbar(int percent) {
 Serial.write(0xFE);
 Serial.write(192);              // line 1 (not 0)
 if (percent > 100) {
   percent = 100;
 }
 
 int dots = 80*percent/100;
 int chars = dots/5;
 if (chars > 0) {
   for (int i = 1; i <= chars; i++) {
     Serial.write(5);
   }
 }
 Serial.write(dots%5);
 while (chars < 15) {                  // clear to end
   Serial.write(0);
   chars ++;
 }
}


void lcdPos(int x, int y){  //takes x (0-15) and y (0-1) position arguments
 if (y==0)  y=128;
 if (y==1)  y=192;
 Serial.write(0xFE);
 Serial.write(x+y);
}

Macpod

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Re: Jeffreys code hacked 4 output to a serial LCD with rpm and bar graph
« Reply #1 on: June 29, 2018, 09:15:38 PM »
Hi CupOfTea,

Thanks for posting your modified code for others to review/modify! Those are some interesting print lines. :)